Organization of World Cup Argentina 1978

The XI Soccer World Cup was held in Argentina, between June 1 and 25, 1978.

EAM ’78
The government of president Juan Domingo Perón decided in 1974 to leave the organization of the world cup under the orbit of the Ministry of Social Welfare in charge of José López Rega, creating the Commission of Support to the World-wide one.

After the coup d’etat against the constitutional government of President María Estela Martínez de Perón, the civic-military dictatorship that took power replaced the World Support Commission by the Autarchic World ’78.

The EAM ’78 was initially directed by General Omar Actis, who was assassinated shortly after its creation, suspecting that the crime was ordered by the Navy, as part of the internal struggle in the Military Junta. Actis was formally replaced by General (R) Antonio Merlo, but who really happened to direct the organization was Rear Admiral Carlos Lacoste. The formal structure of the EAM ’78, at the time of the competition was: president, Brigadier General (R) Antonio Luis Merlo; the Vice President, Rear Admiral Carlos Alberto Lacoste; and management: Planning and management control, headed by Fernando Victorio Victoria; of Communication, by Alberto Horacio Calloni; of Infrastructure, by Norman Azcoitía; of Economy and Finance, by Raúl Veiga; of Press, Promotion and Public Relations, by Carlos Alberto Lacoste and of Special Affairs, by Walter César Ragalli.

The World Operations Center ’78 was in charge of Julio Dante Giacchio. The Cordoba sub-office was chaired by Carlos B. Chasseing; Mar del Plata by Carlos Menozzi; Mendoza by Francisco Navarro Hinojosa and Rosario by Augusto Félix Christi

osts

In total the World Cup cost the Argentine State between 520 and 700 million dollars, although the exact amount has not been established because the final settlement was not made.

Three new stadiums were built, in addition to the remodeling of the Monumental de Núñez and the Amalfitani de Liniers, in the city of Buenos Aires; as well as the Gigante de Arroyito, in the city of Rosario, Santa Fe.

In addition, a color television model plant was built from scratch in Av. Figueroa Alcorta corner Tagle. This was called “Centro de Producción Buenos Aires”, but in the broadcasts it identified itself with the name “Argentina 78 Televisora” or “A78 TV”. The transmission was made in colors to the whole world, however in Argentina itself it was seen in black and white. After the World Cup, the plant was delivered to Channel 7 of Buenos Aires, which was renamed ATC (Argentina Televisora ​​Color).

Then, in Spain, for the 1982 World Cup it was spent about a quarter.9 The figure would only be matched in Italy in 1990. The expenses of World 78 were suspected of political and business corruption, and were the subject of several investigations 10 13 According to the then Argentine finance secretary Juan Alemann “any private company would have built it for 20% of what it cost”.

Venues

In 1972, 8 sub-branches were pre-selected, with the 6 that were in 1978 plus La Plata and Tucumán. The city of the diagonals promised a “Unique Stadium” but for 1974 it was discarded by internal bids. Note apart, the Ciudad de La Plata Stadium was finished in 2003. In the case of Tucumán, an ambitious 70,000 spectator stadium was promised in Horco Molle, similar to the current Racing Club de Avellaneda stadium, with the roof included. In 1974 the Tucumán sub-office was “frozen” and in 1975 it was canceled, given the intensity of the actions of the guerrilla and the Armed Forces in the province. Finally, the cities chosen to host the World Cup matches were: Buenos Aires, Rosario, Córdoba, Mar del Plata and Mendoza. For this, it was invested in improving the infrastructure of the existing stadiums and the construction of three new stadiums according to the requirements of FIFA. The Monumental and the José Amalfitani were remodeled in Buenos Aires, and the Arroyito Giant in Rosario.The stadiums were built by Chateau Carreras (later renamed Mario Alberto Kempes), City of Mendoza and José María Minella.

1978 Soccer World Cup, Argentina

The 1978 FIFA World Cup Argentina was the tenth edition of the World Cup and took place in Argentina, between June 1 and June 25, 1978. The World Cup was returning to South America for the first time since 1962. The tournament was played in 6 stadiums, distributed in the cities of Buenos Aires, Rosario, Mar del Plata, Cordoba and Mendoza.

The mascot of this world cup was Gauchito Mundialito and the official ball underwent a revolutionary change with the appearance of the Adidas Tango. This ball became a classic design that was to last for five worlds, and had greater waterproofing than previous designs.

The tournament was not played by the young Diego Armando Maradona (at that time with 17 years old), nor by the consecrated Dutch star Johan Cruyff, but by other established international footballers of the time such as Johan Neeskens, Teófilo Cubillas, Zico, Dino Zoff and Mario Kempes, in addition to Michel Platini, Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Paolo Rossi, among other outstanding values.

It was played with the same elimination system as in Germany Federal 1974: a first round with four qualifying groups, where the first two of each classified the second phase, in which the two finalists were defined. The grand final was played between the Netherlands, winners of Group A, and Argentina, who qualified by winning Group B. It was a very disputed match in which the teams had to go to overtime, since in the 90 minutes they had tied 1: one. Finally, with goals from Mario Kempes (2) and Daniel Bertoni (1) the Argentine team won by 3: 1, raising the cup for the first time, after having escaped in the 1930 World Cup, lose by 4: 2 in the final, against Uruguay.

The tournament was disputed while in Argentina ruled a dictatorship that had imposed a state terrorist regime, boycotted by some international human rights organizations. The Monumental Stadium where the opening and closing ceremonies were held is located a few meters from the ESMA, one of the main clandestine detention centers of the dictatorship. The decision to hold the tournament in Argentina, the relations between the military dictatorship in the country with FIFA, sports results and acts of corruption have been the subject of investigation and debate.

The venue of this World Cup was chosen on July 6, 1966 at the 35th FIFA Congress, held in London, the other candidate was Mexico, but when he was elected to organize the 1970 World Cup two years earlier, he withdrew his candidacy In that same congress the venues of the World Cups of 1974 and 1982 were determined, which were played in Federal Germany and Spain, respectively.

Argentina had tried to host the World Cup on three other occasions: 1938, 1962 and 1970. In 1936 France was chosen to organize the 1938 competition, which led to a boycott by the South American countries, except Brazil. , who understood that the third world championship should be held on their continent In 1956, at the Congress held in Lisbon, Chile won the vote to organize the 1962 competition, while in the 1964 Congress the one elected was Mexico, who He was the host in 1970.

Germans against total football

The World Cup returned to Europe in 1974. The winner of the tournament was also European. The selection of the Federal Republic of Germany could lift the World Cup for the second time.

The extraordinary tournament began with a classifying process no less extraordinary. The USSR that had to play with Chile did not attend the second leg in Santiago. However, the meeting took place, and the 15,000 spectators from the stands watched the Chilean team going on the field and scoring an empty goal.

Nine stadiums in nine different cities, including West Berlin, hosted the Cup matches. The draw brought yet another surprise, making West Germany and East Germany play in the same group.

In total, two group phases were played. The second phase determined the candidates for the Cup and third place. The final match of the World Cup had the Netherlands and West Germany. Neeskens opened the scoring in the second minute. However, Breitner drew and then Müller came back from the match. In the match for third place Poland managed to beat Brazil. The author of the only goal was Lato, proclaimed World Cup top scorer with 7 goals.

The selection “revelation of the tournament” was the Polish and also the Dutch that showed the famous total football, which highlighted the great Johan Cruyff. In addition, in that World Cup the red card was released.

World 1974. Final

Netherlands – West Germany

The Netherlands: Jan Jongbloed, Wim Suurbier, Wim Rijsbergen, Arie Haan, Ruud Krol, Wim Jansen, Johan Neeskens, Willem van Hanegem, Johnny Rep, Johan Cruyff (C), Rob Rensenbrink (Substitutions: Theo de Jong, René van de Kerkhof ). Coach: Rinus Michels

West Germany: Sepp Maier, Berti Vogts, Franz Beckenbauer (C), Hans-Georg Schwarzenbeck, Paul Breitner, Rainer Bonhof, Uli Hoeneß, Wolfgang Overath, Jürgen Grabowski, Gerd Müller, Bernd Hölzenbein. Coach: Helmut Schön

Referee: Jack Taylor (England)

Result: 1: 2 (Neeskens 2 ‘(pen.),

Breitner 25’ (pen.),

Müller 43 ‘)July 7, 1974

Olympic Stadium, Munich, Germany

75,200 spectators

Top scorers:Grzegorz Lato (Poland) 7

Johan Neeskens (The Netherlands) 5

Andrzej Szarmach (Poland) 5

Johnny Rep (Netherlands) 4

Ralf Edström (Sweden) 4

Gerd Müller (West Germany) 4

1974 Soccer World Cup, West Alemania

The 1974 FIFA World Cup West Germany was the tenth edition of the Football World Cup. It was held in West Germany (FRG), between June 13 and July 7, 1974. Sixteen national teams participated in the tournament which, as a novelty, changed the system in the second round, where instead of fighting Direct elimination among the eight teams that advanced, were divided into 2 groups of 4; the winners of each group went to the final, and the second, to play the game for third place. The final match was played by the Netherlands and the RFA, which won 2-1.

This tournament unveiled to the world the so-called “Mechanical Orange”, the Dutch national team, whose game stood out for its “total football”, an innovative tactic in which all defended and attacked. The star of the team and one of the best players in the championship was Johan Cruyff, who played in the Barcelona Football Club, a team he would also train years later.

In this edition of the contest the current version of the trophy appeared for the first time. 54 projects had been submitted for the new trophy and the design of Italian Silvio Gazzaniga, of solid gold, weighing five kilos and malachite base, was chosen, since the Jules Rimet Cup had been granted in perpetuity to Brazil in the previous tournament.

Also, in this edition, it happens that for the first time a red card is issued to a player in a match directly, without yellow in between. The rule was established in the previous World Cup but not having been expelled in that contest, its premiere was produced for this event. The first was the Chilean Carlos Caszely in his first World Cup match against the local team.

Germany was the country that began the Second World War, a conflict in which millions of people would die and which would cause enormous material losses, from which Europe would take 20 years to recover. With this background and the still alive memory of its leader Adolf Hitler, it seemed that Germany would not be chosen to host a World Cup until after 2000, but FIFA President João Havelange believed that it was unfair and exaggerated that Germany it did not host the World Cup in the 70s, as the reality of the country and the general thinking of the Germans themselves repudiated the Nazi past and wanted an opportunity to make up for the mistakes. In addition, they had obtained a world-wide title in 1954, and had arrived very far in 1958, 1966 and 1970.

Federal Germany won its right to hold its first FIFA World Cup at the 35th FIFA Congress, held in London on July 6, 1966, in which the venues for the next two championships were also assigned.

A surprise of this world-wide one was the participation of the two German selections: the one of Federal Germany and the one of Democratic Germany, that arose in 1948.

The other candidature that opted for the celebration of the World Cup was that of Spain, which although it did not achieve its goal for 1974, was assigned as the venue for the 1982 World Cup, since Argentina had been for the 1978 World Cup.

Time to Pelé to meet the World Cup

Three times Brazil, three times Pelé …
After four years, Brazil returned for its title. Not only did he win the title, he also won the Jules Rimet trophy for an indefinite period.

The World Cup of the year 1970 was held in Mexico (for the first time in North America) from May 31 to June 21. It was the first World Cup broadcast in color, increasing the interest in both the tournament and the football itself.

The World Cup matches were hosted in five Mexican cities. The capital, Mexico City, offered the Cup participants the majestic Azteca stadium, with capacity for more than 107,000 people.

Although people complained about the heat and height, the tournament was highlighted by an intense game and numerous goals. Gerd Müller, the top scorer of the Cup, managed to score 10 goals. Most notable in the group stage was the Brazil game (which won all three matches with a difference of +5 goals), and an arduous fight in group two, where Italy came first by a single point against Uruguay and Sweden.

In the second phase these teams (the future finalists) devastated their opponents. Brazil won the quarterfinals and the semi-final against Peru and Uruguay by a difference of 2 goals. Italy eliminated the Mexico team (4-1), and was stronger than the Federal Republic of Germany (4-3).

The scenario of the final match of June 21, 1970, in which two world champions met (both twice) was the Azteca stadium. 107,412 people came to see the shock. Pelé opened the scoring. Although in the first part of the party Italy managed to tie, in the second it could not with the avalanche of the game of the Brazilian selection. The three goals in 20 minutes ensured that Brazil won the Cup. Zagallo, the Brazilian coach, became the only world champion as a player (1958, 1962) and as coach. Pele remains, until today, the only world champion three times.

1970 Soccer World Cup, Mexico

The FIFA World Cup Mexico 1970 was the ninth edition of the World Cup. It was held in Mexico, between May 31 and June 21, 1970. 16 national teams participated in the final round, being gathered in 4 groups of 4 teams, then the first 2 of each group advanced to the quarter round final, from which direct elimination duels occurred.

This tournament is considered by several experts as one of the best in the history of football, due both to its fair play (there was no expulsion in all its development) and to the various campuses that attended with some of the best players in this sport, like Pelé and Franz Beckenbauer.

The selected ones of Federal Germany, Brazil, Italy and Uruguay, all champions of previous tournaments, arrived at the semifinals. In addition, Brazil, Italy and Uruguay had previously obtained the cup twice, so they were candidates to obtain ownership in case of crowned champions. While Brazil defeated the Charrúas (Uruguay) by 3: 1 at the Estadio Jalisco, the European squads clashed at the Estadio Azteca in one of the most memorable games and, perhaps, the best in history. After ninety minutes, both teams tied at 1 goal, so a very disputed extension was made and ended with the Italian victory by 4: 3. This game is known as the Party of the Century.

In the final, Brazil defeated Italy 4: 1, which allowed the South American team to be crowned, for the third time, as world champion, winning the Jules Rimet Cup.

According to the criteria of continental rotation, the tournament to be held in 1970 was to be organized by an American country, after it was held in England in 1966. For the first time, Mexico submitted a candidacy while Argentina did it for the fourth time. A great controversy had been unleashed during the candidacy process because Mexico had already been elected in 1963 as host of the 1968 Olympic Games. FIFA, together with the International Olympic Committee, analyzed whether to organize two events of this magnitude in a period of two years would not be detrimental to the organization of their respective jousts. However, the highest organism of football came to the conclusion that the infrastructure that would inherit the XIX Olympiad would be beneficial for the organization of the event, this fact coupled with the organizing committee presented the model of the Aztec Stadium, which together with the largest Political stability of the nation at that time tipped the scales in their favor.

Even when the South Americans had a greater soccer career than the Mexicans. Thus, Mexico obtained 56 votes against 32 of the platenses in the election held in Tokyo on October 8, 1964. With this, Mexico became the first country to organize an Olympic Games and a Soccer World Cup consecutively.

75 teams signed up for the continental qualifiers, but five withdrew. Discounting the automatic qualifiers (Mexico and England, organizer and defending champion, respectively), 68 teams participated, playing 170 games and scoring 542 goals. Unlike the previous tournament, the African teams received for the first time a direct quota (Egypt had qualified in 1934 due to the withdrawal of their opponents), which was reached by Morocco. Likewise, one place was awarded to the winner of the Asia and Oceania qualifier, in which Rhodesia participated in an extraordinary way, excluded from the CAF. Finally, Israel qualified after defeating Australia. In Europe, Czechoslovakia eliminated Hungary, Olympic champion, in a defining match, while Argentina did not qualify after a major loss in La Paz against Bolivia, plus another defeat in Lima against Peru and a draw in the last game against Peru played in Buenos Aires, allowing the pass of the Peruvians to the final phase, was a bitter page in the history of Argentine football.

Alignment of Brazil, Carlos Alberto Torres, Brito, Piazza, Felix, Clodoaldo and Everaldo; down; Jairzinho, Gérson, Tostão, Pelé and Rivelino.
However, perhaps the most memorable event of these qualifiers was the so-called Football War. Honduras and El Salvador had months of tension due to various economic, political, border and migration disputes. During the second phase of the CONCACAF qualification, both countries had to face each other in round-trip matches to define which team went to the third stage. In the first game played in Tegucigalpa on June 8, 1969, the local team won by 1: 0, but in San Salvador, the Salvadorans won a 3: 0 victory, causing the fans to lose control on June 15. . Twelve Honduran fans would have been killed by the local crowd, while in Honduras Salvadoran immigrants are attacked. The borders are closed and the tension would reach limits, while the Honduran soccer association presents claims to FIFA accusing death threats to its players. A third match played in Mexico City on the 26th, at Estadio Azteca, would confirm the Salvadoran supremacy with a 3: 2 victory, moving to the final phase against Haiti, where they would obtain the pass to the final phase of the World Cup. 3 However, the tension between the two countries would grow with the passing of days, provoking the invasion of the Salvadoran army to Honduras on July 14, 1969. At least 2000 people died during the war, which ended six days later thanks to the mediation of the Organization of American States.

In the sports field, Brazil was run by coach João Saldanha. His particular personality and his well-known communist militancy during the military dictatorship in which his country was, provoked diverse controversies around his figure, standing out the one that faced with Pele. Saldanha published in the newspaper O Globo that Pele suffered from myopia and an injury to the hip, causing the player’s discomfort and subsequent denial. Saldanha finally announced that he would not call the striker for the tournament, but the coach was relieved of his job and replaced by Mario Zagallo who replaced Pelé in the players’ roster.

For the first time, the tournament was broadcast on color television for some chains that had such technology, while Adidas became the official sponsor and supplier of the first ball designed especially for the event: the Telstar, consisting of 20 white hexagons and 12 black pentagons, replacing the traditional brown balloons of 18 segments. The Telstar would be the basis of the current traditional image of a soccer ball.

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England World champion 1966

Queen of the seas …

At the moment of maximum triumph (after two brilliant victories in the World Cups) it seemed that the sun over Brazil would never set. But four years later the wizards of the ball did not even get on the podium. In contrast, several countries did so for the first time in their history.

In 1966, England, the official cradle of football, debuted as host of the World Cup that took place from July 11 to 30. Almost every game of the contest had the maximum audience which allowed to establish a record of public attendance, unbeatable for almost 30 years.

The tournament was held in eight stadiums, among them the fabulous Wembley, the newest one at that time.

The group stage gave the first surprise. Brazil, winner of two previous tournaments, could not qualify for the next phase. And that Pele and Garrincha gave him the only victory over Bulgaria. Brazil was overtaken by Portugal, led by the great Eusebio, and Hungary. Another unexpected result occurred in group 4 where the USSR and North Korea were imposed on Italy and Chile.

However, in the qualifiers North Korea lost to Portugal already in the first round. This match was one of the best matches of his life for Eusebio, outstanding striker. He scored 4 goals, two of them penalty thanks to which his team could win when he was losing 0 to 3. At that time, in another match, the future winner of the tournament, the English team, won Argentina thanks to the goal of Hurst in the minute.

In the semifinal England had to play with Portugal. Two goals by Bobby Charlton (who in that same year won the Golden Ball), allowed the English to reach the final (Eusebio scored a goal for Portugal). In another semifinal the team of the Federal Republic of Germany prevailed to the selection of the USSR 2 to 1.

World Cup 1966. Final
England – West Germany

England: Gordon Banks, George Cohen, Jack Charlton, Bobby Moore (C), Ray Wilson, Nobby Stiles, Alan Ball, Bobby Charlton, Martin Peters, Geoff Hurst, Roger Hunt. Coach: Alf Ramsey

West Germany: Hans Tilkowski, Horst-Dieter Höttges, Willi Schulz, Wolfgang Weber, Karl-Heinz Schnellinger, Franz Beckenbauer, Wolfgang Overath, Helmut Haller, Uwe Seeler (C), Sigfried Held, Lothar Emmerich. Coach: Helmut Schön

Referee: Gottfried Dienst (Switzerland)

Result: 4: 2 (Haller 12 ‘, Hurst 18’, Peters 78 ‘, Weber 89’, Hurst 101 ‘, 120’)

July 30, 1966

Wembley, London, United Kingdom

96,924 spectators

Top scorers:

Eusébio (Portugal) 9

Helmut Haller (West Germany) 6

Geoff Hurst (England) 4

Ferenc Bene (Hungary) 4

Valeri Porkuyán (USSR) 4

Franz Beckenbauer (West Germany) 4

1966 Football World Cup, Inglaterra

The 1966 FIFA World Cup England was the eighth edition of the Football World Cup. It was held in England, between July 11 and 30, 1966. Sixteen teams participated in the final round, being divided into four groups of 4 teams where the first two of each group advanced to the quarterfinal round, starting of which direct elimination duels occurred.

The final was played at the Wembley Stadium between England and Federal Germany. After tying two goals during regulation time, an extension was made in which Geoff Hurst scored one of the most controversial goals in the history of this sport, which to this day remains in doubt whether he entered the goal or not. Finally, a fourth goal would give England its first and, so far, only World Cup, from the hands of Queen Elizabeth II.

The tournament’s top scorer was the Portuguese player Eusébio, with nine goals. On the other hand, for the first time in the history of the World Cup, a mascot, the lion Willie, was presented.

England, Federal Germany and Spain presented candidacies in 1960 to organize the eighth World Cup tournament, however the Iberian country lowered its presentation days before the election held on August 22, 1960 in the city of Rome, Italy. There, the country of origin of this sport defeated Germany by 34 votes to 27, mainly due to the active participation of the President of FIFA, the Englishman Stanley Rous, and as a way to celebrate the centenary of the founding of the English Federation of Football.

In the qualifying process, 71 selections participated. Ten spots were available to be distributed to the European areas, 4 places to South America, one to North America and a remaining quota according to the rules imposed by FIFA had to be played between the teams from Africa and Asia, which provoked the protest of the participants Africans who argued to be entitled to a quota of their own. Due to the refusal of FIFA to reconsider the measure, the 15 African teams withdrew as well as Syria and South Korea, in solidarity with the other teams.

On the other hand, the Congolese and Philippine teams did not participate due to errors in their registration. Guatemala did not participate because of territorial problems with Belize; South Africa was also excluded as a form of rejection of its apartheid policy. North Korea defeated Australia in search of the only quota for Asia and Oceania, which caused problems due to the lack of diplomatic relations between the organizing country and the North Korean republic and that almost causes the absence of the latter country due to the lack of authorization of visas.

Finally, the 14 teams classified plus England and Brazil, defending champion, were divided into four groups in a draw held at the “Royal Garden Hotel Kingston” in London. Its format consisted in distributing to the 16 selections in four blocks, from which a team for each group emerged. The four blocks were «South America», «Mediterranean Europe», «Rest of Europe» and finally the selections considered «modest» (Mexico, Bulgaria, North Korea and Switzerland).

During the month of March of 1966, the realization of the event was put in check after the robbery of the Jules Rimet Cup, which was exhibited to the public in a church in Westminster. The trophy remained lost for eight days, after which a dog named Pickless found it in the garden of a house. The thief was finally sentenced to two years in prison, while Pickless achieved great popularity being shown on the day of the opening of the event, which was broadcast on television for the first time to the entire world via satellite.

Brazil under the command of Pele is champion Chile 1962

The leadership of Brazil changed football forever. “The wizards of the ball” – that’s how they were called in the Soviet Union, where the friendly match between the USSR and Brazil in 1965 brought together 102,000 spectators. Imagine the degree of admiration and affection that the team enjoyed throughout the world! The Brazilians had no mercy on the hosts and they won 3-0 (Pele’s double).

At that time Pelé was already a star worldwide, perhaps the first athlete known worldwide. After winning the title in Sweden in 1958 (at that time he was still very young), came the victory in Chile in 1962. Although that time his participation in the victory was minimal, since he was injured in the second match of the phase of groups against Czechoslovakia. However, Garrincha and Vava showed off in that tournament with 4 goals each, becoming the best scorers in Brazil. The Brazilians got 5 points in the group stage of the championship, which was held in Chile from May 30 to June 17, 1962. The Chileans managed to hold the tournament despite the Great Earthquake in Chile two years before the championship. However, instead of eight stadiums planned for the event, only four were used.

In the group stage the Brazilians defeated Mexico, Spain and drew with Czechoslovakia. In the quarterfinals they faced England, which only in the first time could oppose worthy resistance to the future winners. In the second half Garrincha and Vava scored a goal each (Garrincha, in total, made two goals in this match), and the duel ended with a 3 to 1.

In the semifinal Brazil faced the selection of Chile. The match ended 4-2, and again it was Garrincha and Vava who contributed goals to the Brazilian team (each scored two).In the final, which was held at the National Stadium in Santiago, Brazil faced its rival of the group stage to the selection of Czechoslovakia. Masopust opened the scoring in the 15th minute in favor of Czechoslovakia, but the Brazilians managed to equalize after two minutes. And in the second half Zito and Vavá scored one goal each. The final score of the game was 3 to 1, which allowed Brazil to defend their title. And that despite the fact that Pele did not play in almost every game!

This time the leaders were the great Garrincha, who in 1999 was ranked seventh on the list of the best players of the century and remained in the memory of the fans as one of the best sprinters in the history of football, and Vavá, which, in turn, remained in history as one of the 4 players who scored goals in the finals of two world championships.

Mundial 1962. Final

Brasil – Checoslovaquia

Brasil: Gilmar, Djalma Santos, Mauro Ramos (C), Zózimo, Nílton Santos, Zito, Didi, Garrincha, Mário Zagallo, Vavá, Amarildo. Entrenador: Aymoré Moreira

Checoslovaquia: Viliam Schrojf, Jiří Tichý, Ján Popluhár, Svatopluk Pluskal, Ladislav Novák (C), Tomáš Pospíchal, Andrej Kvašňák, Josef Masopust, Josef Jelínek, Adolf Scherer, Josef Kadraba. Entrenador: Rudolf Vytlačil

Árbitro: Nikolái Látyshev (URSS)

Resultado: 3:1 (Masopust 15’, Amarildo 17’, Zito 69’, Vavá 78’)

17 de junio de 1962Estadio Nacional, Santiago, Chile

68.679 espectadores

Máximos goleadores:

Garrincha (Brasil) 4

Vavá (Brasil) 4

Leonel Sánchez (Chile) 4

Flórián Albert (Hungría) 4

Valentín Ivanov (URSS) 4

Dražan Jerković (Yugoslavia) 4

Organization of World Cup 1962

The preparations for the World Cup were initiated immediately, especially due to the support given by the President of Chile Jorge Alessandri, who took office in 1958. Plans to modernize a large part of the country, especially in terms of transport and telecommunications, were advancing rapidly. However, everything changed on May 21 and 22 of 1960 with the Valdivia earthquake that affected all the cities south of Talca causing nearly 2 000 deaths and two million affected. Dittborn thought that the dream of his World Cup had ended and decided to approach President Alessandri to return the money that the Government had lent for the realization of the tournament. To avoid cancellation, several football federations collaborated with the Organizing Committee and FIFA gave a donation of $ 20,000.

The earthquake forced the complete modification of the World Cup schedule. The cities of Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia were discarded as venues, while Antofagasta and Valparaíso desist from being because their stadiums could not be self-financed, a condition that the Federation had to impose due to the lack of resources. However, the Municipality of Viña del Mar and the Board of Advancement of Arica manage to remodel their sports venues, while the American copper company Braden Copper Company, owner of the El Teniente mine, allows the use of its stadium in Rancagua. With three seats plus the capital, the World Cup could be held, bringing together in each of the stadiums the matches of each group.

Braden Stadium of Rancagua.

For the Cup there was again a mark of participants, 56. With the implementation of the average of goals, the qualifying system was saved parties of repechage that extended it unnecessarily. France and Sweden, who had been on the podium of the previous world, marked the surprise by not qualifying, while again not classifying teams from Asia and Africa. The organizers chose the northern city of Arica, thinking about the sure classification of Peru that would come with its fans because of its proximity to the border with that country, but finally it was Colombia, which eliminated Peru against all odds.

On January 18, 1962, the World Cup draw was held at the Hotel Carrera. Chile made the most difficult group by having to face Germany Federal, Italy, (two previous champions) and Switzerland. After the death of Pinto in 1957, Dittborn died suddenly on April 28 due to acute pancreatitis. In his honor, the local team wore a black ribbon under his shield while Carlos and Juan Dittborn, the organizer’s sons, were in charge of raising the flag on the opening day of the tournament.

It had an outstanding impact on the nascent Chilean television, since the three existing channels – Channel 9, Channel 13 and UCV Television – made large investments to acquire mobile equipment and broadcast some live matches, together with improving the quality of their broadcasts and mass media said means of communication.