1990 Soccer World Cup, Italy

The 1990 FIFA World Cup Italy was the fourteenth edition of the Football World Cup. It was developed in Italy, between June 8 and July 8, 1990.

Italy became the second country to hold a World Cup on 2 separate occasions when organizing the tournament in 1934. 24 national teams participated in the event, in which there were several surprises, such as the participation of Cameroon, which became the first African team to reach the quarterfinals, becoming known as the “indomitable lions.” The final was played for the second consecutive time by Argentina and Federal Germany, shortly before its unification with Democratic Germany. The Germans won 1-0 thanks to a penalty kicked by Mexican Edgardo Codesal Méndez in the 83rd minute shortly after the end of the match.

In this World Cup the return of several national teams was presented after many years of absence: Colombia, which had not participated since 1962; Egypt, since 1934; United States, since 1950; The Netherlands, since 1978; Romania, since 1970; and Sweden, since 1978. To these teams are added the debutants: Costa Rica, being one of the revelations of this competition when qualifying to the round of 16, above Sweden and Scotland; the United Arab Emirates and Ireland. It was also the last World Cup for the teams that would disintegrate in the following years; as Yugoslavia, in 1992; Czechoslovakia, also in 1992; the Soviet Union, in 1991; and Federal Germany, which would be reunited in that same year. The Mexican soccer team was banned from this World Cup due to the age falsification of the players of the youth team, while the Chilean national team was disqualified due to an incident in the final match against Brazil at the Maracana Stadium.

Some journalists and sports analysts have considered Italy 90 as the world cup with the worst football level among all those made, product of the game rules of the time that favored teams that sought to avoid the development of the game before proposing it, through Actions such as repeated and violent offenses to the attackers, delays in the resumption of the game, allowance of the referees to enforce the rules and search for a draw before the victory. Consequence of the above, was the fact that this competition had the lowest average goal of all the world: 2.21 goals per game. Due to the above, FIFA decided to make various reforms to the rules that favored the development of the game and strongly punish those who seek to hinder it, to apply from the next World Cup, among which include awarding 3 points for victory and the decision to prohibit The goalkeeper takes the ball with his hands after receiving a pass from a teammate.

The 24 teams participating in the final phase are divided into six groups of four teams each. Within each group they face each other once, by the system of all against all. According to the result of each match, two points are awarded to the winner, one point to each team in case of a tie, and none to the loser.

The two teams of each group with the best qualifications and the best four third ones pass to the next round. The order of classification is determined taking into account the following criteria, in order of preference:

The highest number of points obtained taking into account all the group matches
The biggest goal difference considering all the group matches
The highest number of goals scored in favor of all group matches
If two or more teams are matched according to the above guidelines, their positions will be determined by the following criteria, in order of preference:

The highest number of points obtained in matches between the teams in question
The difference of goals taking into account the matches between the teams in question
The highest number of goals scored by each team in the matches played between the teams in question
Draw of the organizing committee of the World Cup
The second round includes all the phases from the round of 16 to the final. Through the direct elimination system, the four semifinalists are classified. The losing teams of the semifinals play a game for the third and fourth place, while the winners play the final match, where the winner gets the World Cup.

If, after 90 minutes of play, the game is tied, an extra time of two stages of 15 minutes each is played. If the result is still tied after this extension, the game is defined by the shooting procedure from the penalty point

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