Brazil conquers the United States

Brazilians again and the tragedy of Baggio

On this occasion, the World Cup is held for the first time in the United States. The fears of the organizers dissipated very quickly. Although for the first time the Cup took place in a country, where at that time there was not even a professional league, all parties had a full. Total attendance at the tournament matches reached almost 3.6 million spectators and remains a point of reference for football officials and organizers.

Nine cities across the country received the World Cup matches. Most of the meetings were held in a hot climate and high humidity between June 17 and July 17, 1994.

On the sporting plane, the tournament was distinguished by several spectacular achievements. Oleg Salenko, forward of the Russian team, had an outstanding result by scoring 5 goals in a match. However, his record did not help the Russian team leave the group led by Brazil and Sweden. Curiously, these two teams would then meet in the semi-final where Brazil would win 1-0. In the other semifinal Italy beat Bulgaria, represented by the brilliant generation of Stoichkov, by 2 to 1. The goals of Italy were scored by Roberto Baggio, the star of the Italians.

The teams from Italy and Brazil met in the final and, for the first time in history, the regulation time and the extension ended with a 0-0 draw. In the series of penalties, Baggio failed and the Brazilians went to celebrate their fourth title of world champions. Brazil dedicated the victory to Ayrton Senna, the Brazilian legend of Formula 1 who had died that same year.

World Cup 1994. Final
Brazil – Italy

Brazil: Cláudio Taffarel, Jorginho, Aldair, Marcio Santos, Branco, Mauro Silva, Dunga (C), Mazinho, Zinho, Romario, Bebeto (Substitutions: Cafu, Viola). Coach: Carlos Alberto Parreira

Italy: Gianluca Pagliuca, Roberto Mussi, Franco Baresi (C), Paolo Maldini, Antonio Benarrivo, Nicola Berti, Dino Baggio, Demetrio Albertini, Roberto Donadoni, Roberto Baggio, Daniele Massaro (Substitutions: Luigi Apolloni, Albergo Evani). Coach: Arrigo Sacchi

Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)

Result: 0: 0 (3: 2 after the penalty shoot-out)

July 17, 1994

Rose Bowl, Pasadena, USA UU

94,194 spectators

Top scorers:
Hristo Stoichkov (Bulgaria) 6

Oleg Salenko (Russia) 6

Romario (Brazil) 5

Roberto Baggio (Italy) 5

Jürgen Klinsmann (Germany) 5

Kennet Andersson (Sweden) 5

Football World Cup 1994, United States

The 1994 FIFA World Cup United States was the fifteenth edition of the World Cup, and was held in the United States between June 17 and July 17, 1994. The United States was chosen to host the World Cup, and also, for the first time in history, generating great controversy for being a country without a football tradition, due to the popularity of other sports such as basketball, baseball and American football. However, due to the economic development and infrastructure of that country, the event was a great success, marking historical figures of public attendance and financial collection, unbeatable to this day, and even allowed the development of soccer in the United States, becoming a very important sport in that country. It was also the last World Cup that consisted of 24 participating teams, which allowed the classification to the second round of the four best third places of the group stage. It was developed in 9 venues whose stadiums on average hosted 70,000 spectators.

Brazil and Italy met in the final at Pasadena’s Rose Bowl Stadium in the city of Los Angeles. Previously Brazil had been the only country of America located in the quarterfinals being the rest European. After tying without goals, both in the regulation time and in the extension, both teams met in the first final of a World Cup determined in a penalty shoot-out. Finally, the South American team was crowned four-time champion after the Italian Roberto Baggio missed his last shot to leave the score 3: 2 in favor of the Brazilian squad.

Among the players that stood out are the Brazilians Romário and Bebeto, the Italian Roberto Baggio, the Bulgarian Hristo Stoichkov, the Russian Oleg Salenko, the Romanian Gheorghe Hagi, the Dutch Dennis Bergkamp, the Belgian Michel Preud’homme, the Swedes Martin Dahlin and Kennet Andersson and the German Jürgen Klinsmann. On the other hand, the Argentine Diego Armando Maradona was expelled from the tournament after detecting ephedrine in an anti-doping control after the match against Nigeria and scoring a goal against Greece.

The mascot of the tournament was the dog Striker. The official song of the event was “Gloryland” performed by Daryl Hall and the Sound of the Blackness inspired by a 19th century American antiabolitionist folk song “The Anthem of the Battle of the Republic.” Likewise, the tournament marked the premiere of the Anthem of FIFA in the previous ceremony of the matches.

Roger Milla, a 42-year-old Cameroonian footballer, became the oldest player to play in a World Cup and also to score a goal in a World Cup (against Russia). Milla maintained that record until 2014, when he was overtaken by the Colombian Faryd Mondragón.

After the resignation of Colombia to organize the 1986 World Cup, Brazil, Canada, Mexico and the United States presented their candidacies to organize the event. However, the US candidacy did not have international support, so the government of that country decided to resign and support its southern neighbor, who was unanimously elected, in exchange for having the support of FIFA to host the event. 1994, which had the possibility of returning to America.

The United States represented a very important place for FIFA, due to its economic power. However, soccer was not a popular sport and there was not even a professional football league, these negative factors were evidently reflected in the absence of the US national team in World Cup participations from 1954 to 1986. While FIFA supported the candidature of the United States as a way to extend the practice of sport in the country, much of the international community was against taking the most important event of football to a country that was not practiced massively. Morocco and Brazil submitted nominations, but that of the African country represented the clearest possibility of holding the tournament for the first time in a continent where football was developing rapidly. Finally, and despite the rejection and nonconformity of some traditionalist groups, the United States was elected by 10 votes in favor, seven for the Moroccans, two for Brazil and Chile declined his candidacy on July 4, 1988.

After being granted the headquarters to the United States, the government of that country, began with the preparations of the event and to fulfill to the FIFA his promise to stimulate the soccer in the nation. Despite the efforts of the Football Federation of the United States, among which they stood out, to encourage the competitiveness of their national team in their role as hostess by hiring the Serbian coach Bora Milutinović who had successfully managed the national teams of Mexico and Costa Rica in the World Cups of 1986 and 1990 respectively and with whom a resurgence of American football was seen at the beginning of the 90’s after having excelled in important previous tournaments, as well as the creation of Major League Soccer in 1993, American public was not interested in football. A USA Today survey conducted days before the start of the World Cup reported that only 25% of Americans knew about the event and that 15% of them would watch a game. The newspapers of the country criticized the organization of the tournament: a newspaper said “Here football is the sport of the future, and always will be”, while a Washington Post editorial noted that “football is a game that Americans teach our children until they are old enough to do something interesting ». After the start of the tournament, 10% of the New York Times sports news talked about the World Cup, while 70% was dedicated to baseball. Only two years after having managed to host the World Cup, the American city of Atlanta was elected as the venue for the Centennial Olympic Games to be held in 1996, becoming the third country to organize two events of this magnitude in a period of two years ( previously Mexico and Germany had done it) and a lot of North American sports press was also mostly inclined to the details of the organization of the Olympiad as well as the national athletes with a view to this event in its previous stages of preparation. Even the opening match between Germany and Bolivia was not broadcast by any national network, which preferred to cover the US Open, and throughout the tournament the attention was marked by the trial of former football star O.J. Simpson for the death of his ex-wife Nicole Brown, relegating the Cup to the background.

However, after the historic victory of the local team to the Colombian team and with it its historic pass to the round of 16, the American public began to participate in the event. A new survey by USA Today indicated that 88% of Americans knew that the World Cup was held in the United States and 44% of the total said they would watch at least one game on television. In the same way, the number of local spectators grew in the matches played throughout the country.

Germans win, in Italy 1990

Everyone plays, but the Germans win

The 80s came to an end and the next World Cup was held in 1990 in Italy. For the last time in history the team of the USSR and two teams from Germany participated there. One of those, the West German team won the competition. In the next championship he played the unified country team.

Twelve stadiums in twelve cities in Italy offered their courts for the Cup matches. Reinforced security measures were taken to support the England national team matches, thanks to which the world learned about the phenomenon of “hooligans” fans. Both the Carabinieri and special military units were sent to guarantee public order in Cagliari, where England played in three matches.

There were several teams that achieved the impossible in the first-round matches: Cameroon, led by the Soviet coach, Valeri Nepómniaschi, took first place in their group, Romania and Costa Rica also came out of the playoffs. But until the semifinals only the great soccer powers came, the four were already world champions – Argentina, Italy, Federal Germany and England.

The final was held at the Olympic Stadium in Rome on July 8, 1990, and only scored one goal. The rivals were the same as four years earlier in Mexico, and the Germans of West Germany could take revenge, Breme scored the penalty goal at the end of the game, in minute 85. The tournament, which is often considered one of the least spectacular in history was followed by the US Cup. that in many aspects changed the world soccer.

World 1990. Final
West Germany – Argentina

West Germany: Bodo Illgner, Klaus Augenthaler, Guido Buchwald, Jürgen Kohler, Thomas Berthold, Andreas Brehme, Thomas Häßler, Lothar Matthäus (C), Pierre Littbarski, Rudi Völler, Jürgen Klinsmann (Substitution: Stefan Reuter). Coach: Franz Beckenbauer

Argentina: Sergio Goycochea, Juan Simón, José Serrizuela, Oscar Ruggeri, José Basualdo, Roberto Sensini, Néstor Lorenzo, Pedro Troglio, Diego Maradona (C), Jorge Burruchaga, Gustavo Dezotti (Substitutions: Pedro Monzón, Gabriel Calderón). Coach: Carlos Bilardo

Referee: Edgardo Codesal (Mexico)

Result: 1: 0 (Brehme 85 ‘(pen.))

July 8, 1990

Olympic Stadium, Rome, Italy

73,603 spectators

Top scorers:
Salvatore Schillaci (Italy) 6

Tomáš Skuhravý (Czechoslovakia) 5

Roger Milla (Cameroon) 4

Gary Lineker (England) 4

Míchel (Spain) 4

Lothar Matthäus (West Germany) 4

1990 Soccer World Cup, Italy

The 1990 FIFA World Cup Italy was the fourteenth edition of the Football World Cup. It was developed in Italy, between June 8 and July 8, 1990.

Italy became the second country to hold a World Cup on 2 separate occasions when organizing the tournament in 1934. 24 national teams participated in the event, in which there were several surprises, such as the participation of Cameroon, which became the first African team to reach the quarterfinals, becoming known as the “indomitable lions.” The final was played for the second consecutive time by Argentina and Federal Germany, shortly before its unification with Democratic Germany. The Germans won 1-0 thanks to a penalty kicked by Mexican Edgardo Codesal Méndez in the 83rd minute shortly after the end of the match.

In this World Cup the return of several national teams was presented after many years of absence: Colombia, which had not participated since 1962; Egypt, since 1934; United States, since 1950; The Netherlands, since 1978; Romania, since 1970; and Sweden, since 1978. To these teams are added the debutants: Costa Rica, being one of the revelations of this competition when qualifying to the round of 16, above Sweden and Scotland; the United Arab Emirates and Ireland. It was also the last World Cup for the teams that would disintegrate in the following years; as Yugoslavia, in 1992; Czechoslovakia, also in 1992; the Soviet Union, in 1991; and Federal Germany, which would be reunited in that same year. The Mexican soccer team was banned from this World Cup due to the age falsification of the players of the youth team, while the Chilean national team was disqualified due to an incident in the final match against Brazil at the Maracana Stadium.

Some journalists and sports analysts have considered Italy 90 as the world cup with the worst football level among all those made, product of the game rules of the time that favored teams that sought to avoid the development of the game before proposing it, through Actions such as repeated and violent offenses to the attackers, delays in the resumption of the game, allowance of the referees to enforce the rules and search for a draw before the victory. Consequence of the above, was the fact that this competition had the lowest average goal of all the world: 2.21 goals per game. Due to the above, FIFA decided to make various reforms to the rules that favored the development of the game and strongly punish those who seek to hinder it, to apply from the next World Cup, among which include awarding 3 points for victory and the decision to prohibit The goalkeeper takes the ball with his hands after receiving a pass from a teammate.

The 24 teams participating in the final phase are divided into six groups of four teams each. Within each group they face each other once, by the system of all against all. According to the result of each match, two points are awarded to the winner, one point to each team in case of a tie, and none to the loser.

The two teams of each group with the best qualifications and the best four third ones pass to the next round. The order of classification is determined taking into account the following criteria, in order of preference:

The highest number of points obtained taking into account all the group matches
The biggest goal difference considering all the group matches
The highest number of goals scored in favor of all group matches
If two or more teams are matched according to the above guidelines, their positions will be determined by the following criteria, in order of preference:

The highest number of points obtained in matches between the teams in question
The difference of goals taking into account the matches between the teams in question
The highest number of goals scored by each team in the matches played between the teams in question
Draw of the organizing committee of the World Cup
The second round includes all the phases from the round of 16 to the final. Through the direct elimination system, the four semifinalists are classified. The losing teams of the semifinals play a game for the third and fourth place, while the winners play the final match, where the winner gets the World Cup.

If, after 90 minutes of play, the game is tied, an extra time of two stages of 15 minutes each is played. If the result is still tied after this extension, the game is defined by the shooting procedure from the penalty point

The Glory of Maradona

The moment of glory of Maradona in a World Cup was four years later, in Mexico, in 1986. It was the third World Cup followed that was celebrated in a Spanish-speaking country, previously they had been Argentina in 1978 and Spain in 1982.

The Argentine team won the title (the second in the last eight years), Maradona played an important role in the success of the team, was his captain and scored two historic goals, both against the English. In total Diego Maradona stood out five times, and also five times helped his teammates to stand out in the game. Eleven Mexican cities hosted the World Cup matches. Nine games were held in the main arena, Azteca with a capacity of 110 thousand spectators.

Argentina, the future winner of the tournament, was able to leave the preliminary stage without losing a game. The Argentines won twice and tied with Italy, which obtained the second result in the group. Among other victors of the first stage, the team from Morocco surpassed England, Poland and Portugal, while Denmark finished ahead of the German Federal Republic, Uruguay and Scotland.

However, in the playoffs they did not stay for long. In the first round, Argentina barely beat Uruguay with Pasculli goal and in the quarterfinals participated in a historic game against England. In the following years dozens of books, films and programs devoted to this game. Diego Maradona was the protagonist of the match. At first, he scored a goal with his hand (which was given by a mistake by Tunisian judge Ali Bin Nasser), and then in the 55th minute, he stood out for the second time. The first goal went down in history with the name of “Hand of God”, and the second was qualified as the goal of the century.

Diego eluded to five soccer players of the equipment of England (to one of them took two times), crossed like a wind the 60 meters and sent the ball to the networks of the rival. England could answer with a goal in the 81st minute, when Gary Lineker excelled.

In the semifinals Argentina beat Belgium 2-0 (Maradona was the author of the two goals), and the team of the Federal Republic of Germany could win with the same result to the French.

In the final, held on June 29, 1986, the Argentines could get the victory, but it was not easy. Brown and Valdano scored two goals for the Argentine team, but the Germans managed to take the rematch with two goals (Rummenigge and Voller).

However, in the 83rd minute Burruchaga scored the winning goal for Argentina. Diego was named the best soccer player of the Cup and Gary Lineker was named the best scorer.

The historic tournament, in the sporting sense, was also the place where a new form of support for the participating teams was born. For the first time fans began to form the famous wave, also known as the “Mexican wave”.

World 1986. Final
Argentina – West Germany

Argentina: Nery Pumpido, José Luis Brown, José Cuciuffo, Oscar Ruggeri, Ricardo Giusti, Julio Olarticoechea, Sergio Batista, Héctor Enrique, Jorge Burruchaga, Diego Maradona (C), Jorge Valdano (Substitution: Marcelo Trobbiani). Coach: Carlos Bilardo

West Germany: Harald Schumacher, Ditmar Jakobs, Karlheinz Förster, Hans-Peter Briegel, Thomas Berthold, Andreas Brehme, Norbert Eder, Lothar Matthäus, Felix Magath, Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (C), Klaus Allofs (Substitutions: Rudi Völler, Dieter Hoeneß ). Coach: Franz Beckenbauer

Referee: Romualdo Arppi Filho (Brazil)

Result: 3: 2 (Brown 23 ‘, Valdano 56’, Rummenigge 74 ‘, Völler 81’, Burruchaga 84 ‘)

June 29, 1986

Azteca Stadium, Mexico City

114,600 spectators

Top scorers:

Gary Lineker (England) 6

Diego Maradona (Argentina) 5

Careca (Brazil) 5

Emilio Butragueño (Spain) 5

1986 Football World Cup, Mexico

The 1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico was the thirteenth edition of the Soccer World Cup, which took place in Mexico, between May 31 and June 29, 1986. Mexico became the first country to celebrate twice a year. World Cup, when the Executive Committee of FIFA, after a meeting in Stockholm, Sweden in May 1983, decided to replace the selected venue in 1974, Colombia, which had to decline in November 1982 due to the impossibility of complying with the requirements that FIFA demanded to celebrate the event.

There were 24 teams that went to the tournament and 52 games held, as in the previous World Cup, Spain 1982. The mascot of the World Cup was Pique and the official ball was the Adidas Azteca Mexico, this ball was the first made of synthetic materials, which increased impermeability and durability, providing better performance in hard playgrounds, with high humidity and at high altitudes.

In two matches of the quarterfinals of the tournament, remarkable and unprecedented events took place in football: in the Argentina – England match, Diego Armando Maradona converted two of his most famous goals, one that he managed to touch the ball with the hand that the The referee took it for granted and that the same player accepted later when affirming that it had been The hand of God; minutes after Maradona sailed from half court mocking any opponent crossed his path thus achieving the best goal of the world and one of the best in the history of football, known as the Goal of the Century; For his part in the Brazil-France match, Bruno Bellone missed a penalty by hitting the post, but when the ball bounced over the body of goalkeeper Carlos Gallo he entered the goal, conceding the goal. The Brazilians protested for the goal to be canceled but the Romanian referee Ioan Igna was confirmed in his decision, which was later endorsed by the International Board.

As another anecdotal fact, in this tournament also two notable expulsions happened: Cayetano Re was the first technical director in the history of the World Cups to be expelled from the bench of his team in a match, due to excessive claims against the Bulgarian referee Bogdan Dotchev. While the Uruguayan player José Batista, had the dishonor of having suffered the fastest expulsion in the history of the World Cups, receiving a red card when he only took 56 seconds of his team’s game against Scotland.

In June 1974, FIFA designated Colombia as the venue for the 1986 FIFA World Cup. However, over time, the possibility that the country could actually host the event was fading. A series of requirements established by the FIFA Executive Committee could not be met by the Organizing Committee:

12 stadiums with a minimum capacity of 40,000 people for the first phase.

4 stadiums with a minimum capacity of 60,000 people for the second phase.

2 stadiums with a minimum capacity of 80,000 people for the inaugural and final matches.

The installation of a communication tower in Bogotá.

Freezing of hotel rates in national currency for members of FIFA as of January 1, 1986, among others.

The issuance of a decree that legalizes the free circulation of international currencies in the country.

A robust fleet of limousines available to the directors of the entity.

A railway network that allowed to communicate to all the venues.

Airports with capacity for the landing of jet planes in all the venues.

A network of roads that allowed the easy movement of the fans.

The Colombian government considered these requirements to be excessive and impossible to comply with, and finally, on October 25, 1982, Colombian President Belisario Betancurt publicly announced the cancellation of the organization of the event. The resignation of Colombia to the headquarters of the 1986 World Cup was confirmed by FIFA on November 5, 1982. Four candidates were chosen for the election of the new headquarters: Canada, Brazil, the United States and Mexico, although Brazil withdrew Shortly before the designation, Canada did not have enough football facilities, while the United States, which did not have much support either, preferred to organize a better candidacy for the 1994 Soccer World Cup from which it was elected and these countries inclined their support to the candidacy mexican

Finally, on May 20, 1983, FIFA unanimously voted for Mexico, which had already hosted the 1970 World Cup and thus maintained the tactics of rotation of venues between Europe and Latin America.

The realization of the tournament in this country was in danger due to the earthquake aroused mainly in Mexico City and neighboring states on the morning of September 19, 1985, eight months after the start date of the fair, being the worst happened to date. in the history of Mexico producing more than 10,000 deaths and demanding an investment of 2,000 million dollars for reconstruction, so the organizing committee had planned the suspension of the tournament. However, despite the disastrous consequences caused by the earthquake, the stadiums designated as scenarios for the matches as well as the different football infrastructures were not affected, so it was decided to continue with the organization of the event.

For this edition, the format of the tournament changed again. The second round would no longer be a group phase, as it had been since 1974, but would return to the old direct elimination system, but this time the round of 16 would be added due to the increase of the participating teams that took place in the previous World Cup. The four best third parties would also qualify for this elimination stage, along with the first and second of each group, a method that was maintained until the 1994 World Cup.

Resurrect Italy in Spain 1982

Italy against the whole world

Maradona traveled to the World Cup in Spain in 1982, but did not manage to be the key star of the Cup. Paolo Rossi, the best scorer of the competition, led Italy to the third victory in the World Cup.

The World Cup was held from June 13 to July 11, 1982. The USSR team returned to participate in the tournament after an eight-year hiatus, and was able to overcome the first round, yielding only to the Brazilians. Another surprise of the championship was the team from Northern Ireland, who managed to win the host team, Spain, in their group. It is curious that the future champion, the Italian team, went out to the second round without having won a match (his result was three draws and three points, like the Cameroon team, but Italy beat him by number of goals).

However, in the second group stage, Italy was very confident in beating Brazil and Argentina. In the semifinal, Rossi’s two goals allowed the Italians to overcome the Poles. At the same time the team of the Federal Republic of Germany could overcome the French only in the series of penalties.

In the final that took place on July 11, 1982 at the Bernabéu, the Italians were stronger, 3 to 1. Rossi, Tardelli and Altobelli stood out in the Italian team, while Breitner scored a goal from the Germans. Maradona finished the Cup with two goals scored and a red card, which he had in the match against Brazil.

World 1982. Final

Italy – West Germany

Italy: Dino Zoff (C), Gaetano Scirea, Claudio Gentile, Fulvio Collovati, Giuseppe Bergomi, Antonio Cabrini, Gabriele Oriali, Bruno Conti, Marco Tardelli, Francesco Graziani, Paolo Rossi (Substitutions: Alessandro Altobelli, Franco Causio). Coach: Enzo Bearzot

West Germany: Harald Schumacher, Uli Stielike, Manfred Kaltz, Karlheinz Förster, Bernd Förster, Wolfgang Dremmler, Paul Breitner, Hans-Peter Briegel, Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (C), Pierre Littbarski, Klaus Fischer (Substitutions: Hansi Müller, Horst Hrubesch ). Coach: Jupp Derwall

Referee: Arnaldo Cézar Coelho (Brazil)

Result: 3: 1 (Rossi 57 ‘, Tardelli 69’, Altobelli 81 ‘, Breitner 83’)

July 11, 1982

Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain

90,000 spectators

Top scorers:

Paolo Rossi (Italy) 6

Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (West Germany) 5

Zico (Brazil) 4

Zbigniew Boniek (Poland) 4

Organization of World Cup 1982, Spain

The tournament was held from June 13 to July 11, 1982, a few weeks after the main European football leagues ended, and close to the start of summer in Spain.

Preparations for the World Championship coincided with the Spanish transition to democracy and were heavily influenced by it, and in 1975 a FEF Commission led by José Ángel Zalba was set up, which would initially be in contact with In September of 1978, the Government of Spain approved a royal decree to establish the Royal Organizing Committee of the World-82 (RCOM) in which the FEF, the Spanish Olympic Committee (COE) and the Ministry of Culture participated. . The presidency of the RCOM was entrusted to Raimundo Saporta, former vice president of Real Madrid, and also included the president of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, and the president of the FEF, Pablo Porta. FIFA supervised the preparations at all times through its own committees. The most important tasks of the RCOM were the search for financing, the renewal of infrastructures and guaranteeing security.

For the international signal of the parties, Spanish Radio and Television (RTVE) renewed all its material and built the communications tower “Torrespaña” in Madrid.

Months before the inauguration there were setbacks that threatened the celebrations. At the political level, the most notable was the failed coup d’état in 1981. At the organizational level, Saporta had to temporarily withdraw from the RCOM due to illness, to return within a few weeks, and there were problems with the travel agency Mundiespaña, formed for travel of fans and ticket sales It is considered that Spain took advantage of the celebration of the World-82 to take experience and apply to other major international events, including the 1992 Olympic Games.

According to FIFA data, the World Cup reported a gross profit of 60 million dollars -between ticket sales, television rights and publications- and expenses exceeding 26 million dollars.

Venues

The 1982 World Cup is, to date, the most stadiums used in a single country: a total of 17 venues in 14 cities. The cities of Madrid, Barcelona and Seville would welcome two stadiums each, with the Camp Nou chosen for the inauguration and the Santiago Bernabéu for the final. The rest of the chosen ones were, in alphabetical order: Alicante, Bilbao, Elche, Gijón, La Coruña, Málaga, Oviedo, Valencia, Valladolid, Vigo and Zaragoza.

To apply, it was necessary for the town councils to submit their candidacy to the Organizing Committee, to have a team in the First Division or, if not, to surpass 200,000 inhabitants.The final election was made based on logistical criteria; Palma de Mallorca and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, both pre-selected, were left out because of their status as island cities, San Sebastián could not attend either due to lack of consensus on a possible stadium in Zubieta, other candidates that were discarded were Santander, Burgos , Cádiz and Granada.

1982 Soccer World Cup, Spain

The 1982 FIFA World Cup Spain was the twelfth edition of the men’s world soccer championship organized by FIFA. It was held in Spain from June 13 to July 11, 1982.

The championship counted for the first time with the participation of 24 national selections, through an enlargement of the continental quotas in the qualifying phase. To make room for them changes were made in the competition system: there was a format with two liguillas and final phase that would only be used in this edition. The organizing committee provided a total of 17 stadiums in 14 venues, including the Camp Nou for the inauguration and the Santiago Bernabéu for the grand final. The 1982 World Cup was the first to have representatives from all continents.

The Italian national team was proclaimed world champion for the third time, having defeated Germany in the final by 3: 1. The transalpine team did not have a good start after having qualified with three draws, but they improved their game from the first round. Second phase and they took the title without conceding a single defeat.The most outstanding of the tournament was Paolo Rossi, winner of the Golden Boot to the top scorer and the Golden Ball to the best player. On the other hand, Italian captain Dino Zoff became the oldest player to lift the title of champions at 40 years.

Between the moments of this edition, the match between Italy and Brazil (3: 2) held at the stadium of Sarriá is still remembered as one of the best that has been played in the history of the World Cup. Other highlights were the semifinal between France and Federal Germany, the first resolved in the penalty shootout; the attractive game of the Brazilian team of Telê Santana, commanded by Zico, Falcão and Sócrates, the emergence of the brother of the emir of Kuwait in the middle of a game, the win by 10: 1 from Hungary to El Salvador, and the result agreed between Germany and Austria that qualified both for the second round, for which FIFA had to introduce unified schedules on the last day of the group stage.

With regard to Spain, the 1982 World Cup was the first major event organized in the country after the restoration of democracy. The main stadiums in the country were remodeled, money was invested in updating the transport network, and the accumulated experience would serve to obtain the concession of future events such as the 1992 Olympic Games. However, the national team did not meet expectations and fell in the second round with only one victory. The mascot Naranjito became the symbol of the tournament.

The choice of venue for the FIFA World Cups of 1974, 1978 and 1982 was resolved at the FIFA congress on October 6, 1964 in Tokyo, and was ratified two years later at the next congress in London. According to the continental rotation criteria of the time, taking into account that Mexico would host the 1970 edition, European countries could apply only for the 1974 and 1982 tournaments.

Spain had tried to host the World Cup twice: in the inaugural edition of 1930, where FIFA members opted for Uruguay, and in the 1966 edition, where they ended up retiring before the vote. The original purpose of the Spanish Football Federation (FEF) was to present candidacies in 1974 and 1982, taking into account the large number of stadiums, the sporting successes at the club level, and the support among several delegations. However, the favorite to host the 1974 World Cup was West Germany, so both countries agreed to support each other and prevent other candidates from competing in an open election.

Argentina and the great Kempes

After the other four years, the World Cup came to Argentina for the first time. The Cup was won by the host country, beating the magnificent team of the Netherlands. The Dutch national team has never been in the first place. What’s more, for the World Cup in Russia in 2018 he failed to even qualify.

It was the first World Cup in which more than one hundred teams participated and the last in having only sixteen teams in the final phase. The 1978 World Cup was held in six stadiums located in five cities. The largest stadium, El Monumental de Buenos Aires, was the venue for nine matches including the final match.

The first surprises occurred already in the group stage. The selection of Peru advanced to the Netherlands in group 4, and in group 3 the team of Austria overtook Brazil.

However, in the second round of the group stage, Austria was last, while in group A, the first place was occupied by the Netherlands team to get two points more than Italy. In group B, Argentina got 5 points, just like Brazil. The dramatic last day in this quartet so far does not stop arouse great interest and enthusiasm among the fans.

In the final match they faced Argentina and the Netherlands. The match was held on June 25, 1978. The Argentine team managed to defeat their opponent in extra time after drawing 1-1 in regulation time. The Dutch national team was so disappointed by the defeat that it did not attend the award ceremony. Mario Kempes with 6 goals was the scorer of the tournament. It was a team of stars that remained in the story. It would be even more interesting if he had the promising forward who at that time was only 17 years old, Diego Maradona.

World 1978. Final

Argentina – The Netherlands

Argentina: Ubaldo Fillol, Jorge Olguin, Luis Galvan, Daniel Passarella (C), Alberto Tarantini, Americo Gallego, Osvaldo Ardiles, Mario Kempes, Daniel Bertoni, Oscar Alberto Ortiz, Leopoldo Luque (Substitutions: René Houseman, Omar Larrosa). Coach: César Luis Menotti

The Netherlands: Jan Jongbloed, Ruud Krol (C), Wim Jansen, Ernie Brandtsm Jan Poortvliet, Johan Neeskens, Arie Haan, Willy van de Kerkhof, Rene van de Kerkhof, Johnny Rep, Rob Rensenbrink (Substitutions: Dick Nanninga, Wim Suurbier). Coach: Ernst Happel

Referee: Sergio Gonella (Italy)

Result: 3: 1 (Kempes 38 ‘, Nanninga 82’, Kempes 105 ‘, Bertoni 115’)

June 25, 1978

Monumental Stadium, Buenos Aires, Argentina

71,483 spectators

Top scorers:
Mario Kempes (Argentina) 6

Rob Rensenbrink (The Netherlands) 5

Teófilo Cubillas (Peru) 5

Leopoldo Luque (Argentina) 4

Hans Krankl (Austria) 4